With a focus on ethical AI

Sweden is focusing on artificial intelligence with several initiatives to lift Swedish industry and education.

iHubs Sweden Artificial intelligence With a focus on ethical AI

Image above: Virginia Dignum, Professor in AI at Umeå University. Photo: Mikael Hansson.

A great need for artificial intelligence. That is clearly apparent among members and partners of the Vinnväxt initiatives that iHubs Sweden is a collaboration platform for.

The Vinnväxt initiative, Automation Region, supports, as an example, the addAI initiative, which is a collaboration between academia and industry experts aimed at exploring how society is affected by smart algorithms and AI.

Robotdalen is linked to the Applied Autonomous Sensor Systems (AASS) research center at Örebro University, which has received 36 million SEK from the KK Foundation and the business community to develop skills in artificial intelligence.

The big mining companies like Boliden and LKAB are looking at autonomous mines where self-driving vehicles and AI become a natural part. Both of these companies have for many years been part of the Vinnväxt initiative, ProcessIT Innovations.

The largest initiative in Sweden on AI is Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program (WASP). It is Sweden’s largest ever individual research programme, a major national initiative for basic research, education and faculty recruitment. The total budget for the programme is more than SEK 3.5 billion, and major goals are more than 50 new professors and more than 300 new PhDs within AI, Autonomous Systems and Software.

New professor in AI

One of the first professors recruited in the Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program (WASP) is Virginia Dignum, Professor at Umeå University, where she leads the research group Social and Ethical Artificial Intelligence.

“The WASP program and the Wallenberg foundation is a very unique approach of funding research, specific in AI and autonomous systems. It is quite amazing that they are funding with such an amount,” says Virginia Dignum and stresses that private foundation of such an amount is unique throughout Europea.

Important part of AI in Sweden

Virginia Dignum’s position and the other positions funded by the WASP program will be an important part in building and strengthening AI in Sweden.

Not only the extent of invested money but also the combination between artificial intelligence and autonomous systems is something that Virginia Dignum emphasizes.

“There are huge potentials in combining research on AI and research on autonomous systems. It goes hand in hand and will have an impact on society. The program is a very good way to move research forward,” she says.

“My position at Umeå University will enable me to look at societal, ethical and cultural impact of AI. I’m looking forward to the research I will be doing here, on methods and tools to ensure that AI systems are shaped to align with human values and ethical principles,” says Virginia Dignum.

“I also hope to open up research in multi-disciplinary areas with humanities and social sciences as a combination to engineering research. AI can no longer be seen as an engineering or computer science discipline. It’s by definition multi-disciplinary,” explains Virginia Dignum.

Her research group currently has four members. In the coming years it will grow to about twelve people. PhD students and postdoc positions will be announced in the upcoming months.

Involved in several international initiatives

Virginia Dignum is renown in the international research community on artificial intelligence, and she is actively involved in several international initiatives on policy and strategical guidelines for AI research and applications.

She has been appointed by the EU Commission as one of 52 experts to the High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence, comprising representatives from academia, civil society, as well as industry. During 2018, the group has several meetings, not least with ministers and political leaders from over 20 countries in Europe. The aim is to present guidelines and recommendations on AI strategy in January 2019.

“It’s a complex work with 52 people at the same time. We are all indeed experts, but in different areas. It’s a big challenge to come up with a coherent and concrete setup of recommendations that can be taken up by the member states and the Commission itself,” says Virginia Dignum who during the meetings have chaired panel discussions.

The recommendations from the high-level expert group will be included in the European Commission’s next five-year plan and in the EU’s forthcoming Multiannual Financial Framework 2021–2027.

“We have to identify what we as European people value in democracy, human dignity and inclusion. From those values we will try to identify and foresee what implications AI might have in Europe,” says Virginia Dignum.

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